1st Generation vs. 2nd Generation biofuels
The most common forms of biofuels today are ethanol and biodiesel which are primarily produced from a wide range of agricultural feedstock, including palm oil. However, in recent years, a debate has emerged around food security and the viability of biofuels which has transformed the biofuels landscape. Governments have implemented measures which condemn the use of 1st generation agricultural products for the production of energy.
Consequently, 2nd generation, also referred to as ‘advanced biofuels’, have emerged as a reconciliation of this debate:
- 1st generation biofuels are made directly from agricultural products and are limited in their ability to achieve targets for oil-product substitution, climate change mitigation, and economic growth as their production causes a direct increase in agricultural production, resulting in undue competition for land and water used between energy and food production
- 2nd generation, also referred to as ‘advanced biofuels’, avoid such issue as they are derived from waste by-products of agricultural production that is intended for food production